Arunachal Pradesh is home to a very rich mammalian wildlife population as the wide variety of altitudinal and climatic conditions have given rise to different forest types which create corresponding natural shelter , food etc. to varieties of wildlife. It has two National Parks and four Wildlife Sanctuaries. It is home to many rare and highly endangered species of Wild life like Mishmi, Takin, Hoolock Gibbon, Musk Deer, Bharal, Hisbid Hare, Flying Squirrel and more than 500 species of birds.
Namdapha National Park amongst them has perhaps the widest diversity of habitat of any of South Asia's protected areas. It is unique, with it's elevation varying between 200 to 4500 mts. and has all four large cats, the tiger, leopard, clouded leopard and snow leopard in addition to lesser feline species like the Golden cat and marbled cat
Seven species of primates i.e. Hoolock Gibbon, Slow loris, Assamese macaque, Rhesus macaque, Pigtailed macaque, Stumptaile macaque and Capped langur are found here.
All the three goat antelopes found in India i.e. Serow, Goral and Takin are found here. Arunachal Pradesh is the only place in India where Takin is found.
Among the large mammals, Mittan, which is a cross between the wild Gaur and domestic cattle, buffalo and elephant are all found in the plains and adjoining hills.
The other high altitude animals include Himalayan Black bear, Red panda etc. The Musk deer is found in some areas of the state while the bharal has been reported in the western part of the state.
Among the smaller mammals a large number of rodents(squirrels, porcupine and rats), civet, mongoose, linsang, shrew and bat species are found here.
More than five hundred bird species have been recorded in Arunachal Pradesh, many of which are highly endangered and restricted to this state , e.g. White winged wood duck, sclater monal, temminck's tragopan, Bangal florican etc. This state has the highest number of species of pheasants with some ten species at different altitudinal levels. Arunachal Pradesh is equally rich in reptiles, amphibia and pisces. Pythons and snakes of all colours and descriptions are found in the forests all almost all the levels upto the temperate zone.
The invertebrate faunal communities are found in the dense and evergreen forests of Arunachal Pradesh. Numerous species of butterflies, moths, beetles and all other kinds of small creatures make Arunachal Pradesh a paradise for Entomologists and Naturalists.
Arunachal also has more than 500 rare species of Orchids.
Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary
District :- East Kameng
Divisional Hq. :- Seijosa
Area in Sq. Kms. :- 861.95
Elephant, Tiger, Gaur, Sambar Barking Deer, Binturong, Leopard, four Hornbill species, Pea-cock-Pheasant, Kalij pheasant.
Itanagar Wild life Sanctuary
District :- Papumpare
Divisional Hq. :-Naharlagun
Area in Sq. Kms. :-140.30
Elephant, Barking Deer, Tiger, Leopard, Serow, Birds, Orchids.
Dr. D. Ering Memorial Wildlife Sanctuary
District :-East Siang
Divisional Hq. :-Pasighat
Area in Sq. Kms. :-190.00
Honger, Hispid Hore, Bengal florican, Raptors, and migratory water birds.
Mehao Wildlife Sanctuary
District :-Dibang Valley
Divisional Hq. :-Roing
Area in Sq. Kms. :-281.50
Hoolock Gibbon, Tiger, Leopard, Red panda, Elephant, Tiger, etc.
Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary
Divisional Hq. :-Miao
Area in Sq. Kms. :-783.00
Hoolock, Gibbon, Tiger,Leopard, Capped Langur, Red panda, Takin.
Eagle Nest Wildlife Sanctuary
District :-East Kameng
Divisional Hq. :-Seijosa
Area in Sq. Kms. :-217.00
Elephant, Tiger, Leopard, Sambar, Serow, Goral, Red panda, Himalayan, Black bear.
Kane Wildlife Sanctuary
District :-West Siang
Divisional Hq. :-Along
Area in Sq. Kms. :-55.00
Elephant, Small Cats, Deer.
Namdhapa National Park (Tiger Project)
Hoolock gibbon, Capped Langur, Red panda, Takin, Musk deer, Tiger, Leopard, Snow-leopard, Clouded leopard, rare birds, etc.
Mouling National Park
Takin, Serow, Goral, Clouded Leopard, Black bear, Leopard, Red panda, Pheasants, etc.
Sessa Orchid Sanctuary
Varieties of orchids, Red panda, pheasants, Serow, Goral, etc.
Dihang-Debang Biosphere Reserve
Musk deer, Serow, Takin, Goral, Black bear, Red panda, Leopard, Monal Tragapan, Kalij and other pheasants, rare birds.