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Forts in Kerala

St. Angelo Fort (Kannur Fort or Kannur Kotta )

St. Angelo Fort (also known as Kannur Fort or Kannur Kotta ), situated 3 km from the town of Kannur , is a fort facing the Arabian Sea .

Don Francisco De Almeida of Portuguese constructed this fort in 1505 AD. The Dutch captured the fort from Portuguese in 1663 they sold the fort to the king Ali Raja of Arakkal kingdom. In 1790 the British seized it and transformed it into their chief military station in Malabar . The Moppila Bay Harbor and Arakkal Mosque are near the fort. The fort is now under the supervision of the Archaeological Survey of India .

The Fort of Tipu Sultan ( Palakkad )

In the heart of Palakkad town. The Tipu's Fort, also known as Palakkad Fort, stands in the heart of Palakkad town. Palakkad is a small town on the lower edges of the Sahyadri ranges of the Western Ghats, with patches of dense forests and crisscrossed with rivers. One of the well preserved forts in south India, Tipu's Fort was constructed in 1766 AD and is today a protected monument under the Archaeological Survey of India. The sober majesty of the laterite walls of the fort reminds one of the old tales of valour and courage. The fort was built by Hyder Ali (1717 - 1782), the emperor of Mysore province (now part of Karnataka State), supposedly to facilitate communication between both sides of the Western Ghats, (Coimbatore and the West Coast). He had captured the Malabar and Kochi regions which come under the West Coast area. His son Tipu Sultan (1750 - 1799) a warrior as well as a linguist was known as the 'Lion of Mysore'. Tipu waged a series of wars against the British colonial rule. In 1784, after an eleven-day seige, the fort was captured by the British under Colonel Fullerton. Though it later fell into the hands of the troops of the Kozhikode Zamorin, it was recaptured by the British in 1790. Tipu Sultan lost his life in 1799 in an encounter with the British and the fort later came to be known in his name.

Nearest railway station: Palakkad about 5 km. Nearest airports: Coimbatore about 55km in Tamilnadu State; Cochin International Airport, about 140 km towards south.

Thalassery Fort

Thalassery Fort is in Thalassery (Tellicherry) a town in Kannur District of Kerala state in south India . The British East India Company built the fort in 1708 to establish a stronghold on the Malabar Coast . In 1781 Hyder Ali , ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore , was unsuccessful in capturing the Fort in his campaign to control Malabar . His successor, Tipu Sultan , was forced to cede Malabar District to the British in 1792 , at the conclusion of the Third Anglo-Maratha War .

The square fort, with its massive walls, secret tunnels to the sea and intricately carved huge doors, is an imposing structure. The fort was once the nucleus of Thalassery's development. It is now a historical monument.

Chandragiri Fort

Chandragiri Fort built in the 17th century is in Kasargod District of Kerala , south India . It is a large squarish fort by the side of the river Payaswini . The fort has an eventful history behind it. In earlier days, the river was considered to be the border of two powerful kingdoms - Kolathunadu and Thulunadu. When Thulunadu was captured by the Vijayanagara Empire , the Kolathunadu kings lost the Chandragiri region to them. During the decline of the Vijayanagara empire the area was administratively looked after by the Keladi Nayakas of Ikkeri . When the Vijayanagara empire fell in the 16th century, Vengappa Nayaka declared independence. Later Shivappa Nayaka took over the reins. He built a chain of forts of which Chandragiri is part.

Chandragiri Fort offers a breathtaking view of the river and the Arabian Sea.

Hosdurg Fort

This place is renowned for its chain of forts built by Somashekara Nayak of Ikkeri dynasty and also for the Nithyanandashram, an internationally recognised spiritual centre

Cheruvathur: This is the home of the illustrious poets and scholars of Kuttamath. The ruins of a Dutch fort built in the 18th century can be found in the Veeramala Hills. Cheruvathur is also a fascinating picnic spot.

Kottancherry (30 km north east of Kanhangad): This place bears great resemblance to the scenic beauty of Kodaikanal. The rain forests near Konnakkad is ideal for trekking.

Trikkaripur : The old seat of the Thazhekattu Mana, Trikkaripur is the hometown of T S Thirumumb, poet and freedom fighter, and Guru Chandu Panikkar, the famous Kathakali artist.

East Fort
The Fort area in the Capital City of Thiruvananthapuram bears a lot of historic significance. The Fort houses several magnificent palaces, palatial houses, and agraharams (Brahmin houses). Standing out is the Padmanabha Swamy Temple, dedicated to Lord Padmanabha an incarnation of Lord Vishnu. The Fort has stood witness to many events in the annals of erstwhile Travancore Kingdom, and also in the development of the Capital City of Thiruvananthapuram. More »
Bekal Fort

16 kms south of Kasaragod town, Kasaragod District. Giant keyhole shaped fort, the golden expanse of a beautiful beach surrounding the fort, backwaters and hilldestinations and water sport facilities nearby. Kasaragod is a beautiful town poised at the northern extreme of Kerala State.16 kms south of the town on the National Highway, is the largest and best preserved fort in the whole of the Kerala, surrounded by a splendid beach. Shaped like a giant keyhole, the historic Bekal fort offers a superb view of the Arabian Sea from its tall observation towers, where a few centuries ago huge cannons used to be placed. Nearby is an old mosque said to have been built by the valiant Tipu Sultan of Mysore. Built by the rulers of ancient Kadampa dynasty, the fort changed hands over the years to the Kolathiri Rajas, the Vijayanagar empire, Tipu Sultan and finally, the British East India Company. Today, the Bekal fort and its surroundings is fast becoming an international tourist destination and a favorite shooting locale for film makers. Bekal is also one among the five centres selected by the Government of India to be developed into a 'Special Tourism Area'.

Nearest railway station: Kasaragod, about 16 km Nearest airports: Mangalore, about 50 km; Karipur International Airport, Kozhikode about 200 km


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