Home » Uttar Pradesh » Ayodhya
 
   
Festivals Dances Music Cuisine Art & Craft
North
South
East
West
   
North
South
East
West
   
North
South
East
West
   
North
South
East
West
   
North
South
East
West
   
   

States


 

Where to Stay

Sri Ram Hotel, near Dant Dhawan Kund. Phones: 232512, 232474.

Ram Dham Guest House, near Railway Station Road. Phone: 232791

Ram Anugsah Vishram Sadan, Chhoti Chhawani Marg. Phones: 223142, 223146.

Kanak Bhawan Dharamshala. Phone: 232024.

Birla Dharamshala, Bus Station. Phone: 232252.

Gujrat Bhawan Dharamshala, near Bus Station. Phone: 232075.

Jain Dharamshala. Rai Ganj. Phone: 232308.

Janaki Mahal Trust Dharamshala, Naya Ghat. Phones: 232022, 232151.

Pandit Banshidhar Dharamshala, Naya Ghat.

Ram Charit Manas Trust Dharamshala.

Quality accommodation is available at Faizabad town, just 7 km away

Hotel Krishna Palaca. Phone: 221367-70.

Hotel Shane Awadh, Civil Lines, Faizabad. Phones: 223586, 222075.

Tirupati Hotel, Civil Lines, Faizabad. Phones: 223231/222448.

Hotel Alka Raje, Rekabganj, Faizabad. Phone: 222027.

Abha Hotel, Moti Bagh, Faizabad. Phones: 222930, 222550.

Avantika Hotel, Civil Lines. Phone: 220472

UP Tourism Accommodation

Pathik Niwas Saket, near Railway Station, Ayodhya. Phone: 232435.
(Run by U.P. State Tourism Development Corporation)

UPSTDC Yatri Niwas, Naya Ghat, Ayodhya.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contact for Advertisements

Contact for Advertisements

Contact for Advertisements

Contact for Advertisements

Contact for Advertisements

Contact for Advertisements

Contact for Advertisements



Ayodhya

Ayodhya is situated on the right bank of the river Ghagra or Saryu, as it is called within sacred precincts, on latitude 26 o 48' north and longitude 82 o 13' east in north India. Just 6 km from Faizabad, Ayodhya is a popular pilgrim centre. This town is closely associated with Lord Rama, the seventh incarnation of Lord Vishnu. The ancient city of Ayodhya, according to the Ramayana, was founded by Manu, the law-giver of the Hindu. For centuries, it was the capital of the descendants of the Surya dynasty of which Lord Rama was the most celebrated king. Ayodhya during ancient times was known as Kaushaldesa.

Skand and some other Puranas rank Ayodhya as one of the seven most sacred cities of India. It was the venue of many an event in Hindu mythology, today pre-eminently a temple town, Ayodhya is also famous for its close association with the epic Ramayana. It is a city of immense antiquity full of historical significance and sacred temples. The Atharvaveda described Ayodhya as `a city built by Gods and being prosperous as paradise itself'. The illustrious ruling dynasty of this region were the Ikshvakus of the solar clan (Suryavansa). According to tradition, Ikshvakus was the eldest son of Vaivasvata Manu, who established himself at Ayodhya. The earth is said to have derived its name `Prithivi' from Prithu, the 6 th king of the line. A few generations later came Mandhatri, in whose line the 31 st king was Harischandra, known widely for his love of truth. Raja Sagar of the same clan performed the Asvamedha Yajna and his great grandson Bhagiratha is reputed to have brought Ganga on earth by virtue of his penance. Later in the time came the great Raghu, after whom the family came to be called as Raghuvamsa. His grandson was Raja Dasaratha, the illustrious father of Rama, with whom the glory of the Kausala dynasty reached its highest point. The story of this epic has been immortalized by Valmiki and immensely popularized by the great masses through centuries.

Ayodhya is pre-eminently a city of temples yet, all places of worship here, are not only of Hindu religion. At Ayodhya several religions have grown and prospered simultaneously and also at different periods of time in the past.

Remnants of Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Islam can still be found in Ayodhya. According to Jain tradition, five Tirthankaras were born at Ayodhya, including Adinath (Rishabhadeva) the 1 st Tirthankar.

How to go


Air:- For Ayodhya the nearest airports are Amausi Airport (Lucknow-134 km), Bumrauli Airport (Allahabad - 166 km)

Train :- Ayodhya is situated on the broad gauge Northern Railway line on Muhal Sarai Lucknow main route. Ayodhya/Faizabad are connected to various parts of the country by the following trains:

•  2167/2168 Saket Express (Bombay/Faizabad)

•  3307/3308 Doon Express (Calcutta/Dehradun)

•  3151/3152 Jammu Tawi Express (Calcutta)

•  3283/3284 Ganga Yamuna Express (Bhiwani/Delhi-Varanasi/Danapur)

•  2449/2450 Saryu Yamuna Express (Delhi/Varanasi)

•  9165/9166 Sabarmati Express (Varanasi/Ahmedabad)

Road :- Connected by road to several major cities and towns. Some of the major road distances are: Lucknow (134 km), Gorakhpur (132 km), Jhansi (441 km), Allahabad (166 km), Sravasti (109 km), Varanasi (209 km) and Gonda (51 km).

Things to See


The Hanuman Garhi
Situated in the centre of the town, this temple is approachable by a flight of 76 steps. Legend has it that Hanuman lived here in a cave and guarded the Janambhoomi or Ramkot. The main temple contains the statue of Maa Anjani, with Bal Hanuman seated on her lap. The faithful believe that all their wishes are granted with a visit to this holy shrine.

A massive structure in the shape of a four sided fort with circular bastions at each corner houses a temple of Hanuman and is the most popular shrine in Ayodhya.

Kanak Bhawan This has images of Sri Rama and Sita wearing gold crowns. It is also known as Sone-ke-Ghar.

Ramkot The chief place of worship in Ayodhya is the site of the ancient citadel of Ramkot which stands on an elevated ground in the western part of the city. Although visited by pilgrims throughout the year, this sacred place attracts devotees from all over India and abroad, on `Ram Navami', the day of Lord's birth, which is celebrated with great pomp and show, in the Hindu month of Chaitra (March-April).

Swarg Dwar According to mythology, Lord Rama is said to have been cremated here.

Mani Parbat and Sugriv Parbat The first of these ancient earth mounds is identified with a stupa built by the Emperor Ashoka, while the second is believed to be an ancient monastery.

Treta ke Thakur This temple stands at the place where Rama is said to have performed the Ashvamedha Yajnya. About 300 years ago the Raja of kulu built a new temple here, which was improved by Ahalyabai Hokar of Indore during 1784, at the same time the adjoining Ghats were also built. The initial idols in black sandstone were recovered from Saryu and placed in the new temple, famous as Kaleram-ka-Mandir.

Nageshwarnath Temple The temple of Nageshwarnath is said to have been established by Kush the son of Rama. Legend has it that Kush lost his armlet, while bathing in the Saryu, which was picked up by a Nag-Kanya, who fell in love with him. As she was a devotee of Shiva, Kush erected this temple for her. It is said that this has been the only temple to have survived till the time of Vikramaditya, the rest of city had fallen into ruins and was covered by dense forests. It was by means of this temple that Vikramaditya was able to locate Ayodhya and the sites of different shrines here. The festival of Shivratri is celebrated here with great pomp and splendour.

Other places of interest Rishabhadeo Jain Temple, Brahma Kund, Amawan Temple, Tulsi Chaura, Laxman Quila, Angad Tila, Shri Rama Janaki Birla Temple, Tulsi Smarak Bhawan, Ram ki Paidi, Kaleramji ka Mandir, Datuvan Kund, Janki Mahal, Gurudwara Brahma Kund, Ram Katha Museum, Valmiki Ramayan Bhawan, are among other places of interest in Ayodhya.

Fairs and Festivals


Ram Lila
Ram Lila, the enactment of the story of Lord Rama is believed to have been started by great Saint Tulsidas. The Ramcharitmanas, written by him till today forms the basis of Ram Lila performances. In some places, Rama Lila is associated with Vijayadashmi celebrations in late September and early October and also with Rama Navami, the birthday of Lord Rama.

Ram lila, basically an enactment of a myth, is presented as a cycle-play with the story varying from 7 to 31 days. The Rama Lila performance evokes a festive atmosphere and enables observance of religious rites. It is also rich in performance of crafts such as costume jewellery, masks, headgear, make-up and decoration.

The four main Ram Lila styles are the pantomimic style with a predominance of jhankis tableaux pageants; the dialogue - based style with multi-local staging; the operative style which draws its musical elements from the folk operas of the region and the stage Ram Lila of the professional troupes called `mandalis'.

Ayodhya is popular for mandali Ram Lila. The performance is dialogue based and presented on a platform stage. High standard of performance is complemented by songs and kathak dances and eye-catching décor.

Ram Navmi Mela Ayodhya, the holy city of the sacred pilgrim centre of Hindus plays host to the Ram Navmi Festival in the month of April. Thousands of worshippers gather to venerate the Lord at Kanak Bhawan.

Sravan Jhula Mela This mela celebrates the playful spirit of the deities. On the third day of the second half of Shravan, images of the deities (specially of Rama, Lakshman and Sita) are placed in swings in the temples. They are also taken to Mani Parvat, where the idols are made to swing from the branches of the trees. Later the deities are brought back to temples. The mela lasts till the end of the month of Shravan.

Parikramas Ayodhya is perhaps the most noted place in the northern India where parikramas are undertaken by Hindu Pilgrims. These are circumambulations of important religious places and are of varying duration, shortest being the `Antargrahi Parikrama' which has to be completed within a day. After taking a dip in the Saryu, the devotee commences the parikarma from the Nageshwarnath temple and passes through Rama Ghat, Sita Kund, Manipuravata and Brahma Kund, finally terminating at Kanak Bhawan. Then there is the `Panchkoshi Parikrama' circuit of 10 miles, which touches Chakratirtha, Nayaghat, Ramghat, Saryubagh, Holkar-ka-pura, Dashrathkund, Jogiana, Ranopali, Jalpa Nala and Mahtabagh. On the way the people pay homage to deities in the shrines which are situated on the route.

The `Chaturdashkoshi Parikrama' constitutes a circular journey of 28 miles made once a year on the occasion of Akshainaumi, which is completed within 24 hours.


Union territories

Metropolitan cities of India

Metropolitan cities of India

 

Tourist Information

Regional Tourist Office, House No. 1-3/152/4, near Pusparaj Guest House, Civil Lines, Faizabad, UP. Phone: (0527) 223214.

Government of UP Assistat Tourist Office, Pathik Niwas Saket, Near Railway Station, Ayodhya. Phone: 232435.

Travel Information

Rail

Ayodhya Railway Station; Enquiries and Reservations. Phone: 232032.

Faizabad Railway Station; Enquiries and Reservations. Phone: (0527) 244119.

Bus

UPSRTC Bus Stand. Ayodhya. Phone: 232067.

UPSRTC Bus Stand, Faizabad. Phone: (052781) 222964.

Around Ayodhya


Faizabad

7 km. Saadat Khan, the second Nawab of Awadh, laid the foundation of Faizabad while his successor Shuja-ud-daula made it the capital of Awadh. Faizabad developed as a township nearly 220 years ago, during the reign of Safdar Jang, the second nawab of Avadh (1739-54),who laid its foundation by making it his military headquarters. Suja-ud-daula, his successor settled at Faizabad after 1764 and built a fort known as Chhota Calcutta, now in ruins. In 1765 he built the Chowk and Tirpaulia and subsequently laid out the Anguribagh and Motibagh to the south of it, Asafbagh and Bulandbagh to the west of the city. During the reign of Shuja-ud-daula, Faizabad attained such a prosperity which it never saw again. The Nawabs graced Faziabad with several beautiful buildings, notable among them being the Gulab Bari, Moti Mahal and the tomb of Bahu Begum. Gulab Bari is a striking building of fine properties, standing in a garden surrounded by a wall, approachable through two large gateways. These buildings are particularly interesting for their assimilative architectural styles.

Shuja-ud-daula's wife was the well known Bahu Begum, who married the Nawab in 1743 and continued to reside in Faizabad, her residence being the Moti-Mahal. Close by at Jawaharbagh lies her Maqbara, where she was buried after her death in 1816. It is considered to be one of the finest buildings of its kind in Avadh, which was built at the cost of three lakh rupees by her chief advisor Darab Ali Khan. A fine view of the city is obtainable from top of the begum's tomb.

Bahu Begum was a woman of great distinction and rank, bearing dignity. Most of the Muslim buildings of Faizabad are attributed to her. From the date of Bahu Begum's death in 1815 till the annexation of Avadh, the city of Faizabad gradually fell into decay. The glory of Faizabad finally eclipsed with the shifting of capital from Faizabad to Lucknow by Nawab Asaf-ud-daula.

Patan Devi

44 km. Famous for the siddhapith of Patan Devi, and a tank believed to have been made by Raja Karn of the Mahabharata.

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

Contact for Advertisements

Contact for Advertisements

Contact for Advertisements

Contact for Advertisements

Contact for Advertisements

 
 
 

This portal is designed by
Arindam Bhowmik
Best viewed with 1024 by 768 Screen Resolution